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Assessment of attitudes of University of Nigeria pharmacy students toward pharmaceutical care Translated title: Evaluación de las actitudes de los estudiantes de farmacia de la Universidad de Nigeria hacia la atención farmacéutica

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      Abstract

      Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe the attitude of University of Nigeria pharmacy students towards pharmaceutical care. Method: A survey of pharmacy students in their second to fifth year was conducted. A modified 13-item standard Pharmaceutical Care Attitudes Survey (PCAS) was used for the study. Reliability and factorial validity of the modified instrument were assessed. Results: Modification of the instrument did not alter its validity. Students of the University of Nigeria had a positive attitude towards pharmaceutical care as attitude score of all the items were above the midpoint score of 2.5. The mean scale score of second and third year students were significantly lower than that of the fifth year's (Oneway ANOVA, p<0.001). Females had a higher positive attitude score compared to male students (Students t-test, p=0.005). There was no significant difference in the mean scale score among those that had work experience and those without work experience. Marital status did not influence attitude score. Conclusion: University of Nigeria pharmacy students had a positive attitude towards pharmaceutical care. However, it is necessary to provide sites were students could acquire practice experience and these sites should be designed to enable students observe the integration of pharmaceutical care activities into pharmacy practice.

      Translated abstract

      Objetivo: El propósito de este estudio fue describir las actitudes de los estudiantes de farmacia de la Universidad de Nigeria hacia la atención farmacéutica. Método: Se realizó una encuesta a estudiantes de farmacia entre segundo y quinto año. Se utilizó para el estudio una versión modificada de 13 ítems del Pharmaceutical Care Attitudes Survey (PCAS). Se evaluaron la fiabilidad y la validez factorial del instrumento modificado. Resultados: La modificación del instrumento no afectó a su validez. Los estudiantes de la Universidad de Nigeria tienen una actitud positiva hacia la atención farmacéutica porque las puntuaciones de los ítems de actitud estaban todas por encima del valor medio de 2,5. La media de la escala para los estudiantes de segundo y tercer año era significativamente más baja que los de quinto año (Oneway ANOVA, p<0,001). Las mujeres tenían más actitudes positivas comparadas con los hombres (Students t-test, p=0,005). No había diferencia significativa en los valores medios de los que tenían experiencia laboral y los que no. El estado civil no influyó sobre la puntuación de actitud. Conclusión: Los estudiantes de farmacia de la Universidad de Nigeria tienen una actitud positiva hacia la atención farmacéutica. Sin embargo, es necesario proporcionar lugares donde los estudiantes puedan adquirir experiencia práctica y estos lugares deberían designarse para que los estudiantes puedan observar la integración de la atención farmacéutica en el ejercicio de la farmacia.

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      Most cited references 16

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      Barriers to pharmaceutical care in the acute care setting

       JR May,  KN May,  R. May (1993)
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        Patients' willingness to pay for pharmaceutical care.

         R A Larson (2019)
        To determine the level at which patients receive pharmaceutical care services and their willingness to pay for comprehensive pharmaceutical care services.
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          Enhancing community pharmacy through advanced pharmacy practice experiences.

           B Dugan (2006)
          The pressures driving the need for an expanded practice scope in community pharmacy have been building for the past 2 decades. Many pharmacists have chosen to embrace the pharmaceutical care model in their practice sites to meet patient and healthcare system needs. The potential for medication therapy management (MTM) services provide an additional career opportunity for pharmacy graduates. Colleges of pharmacy offer advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs) in the community setting that are designed to prepare students for these opportunities. These sites provide students with the opportunity to observe the integration of pharmaceutical care activities into community practice. Although developing an APPE site is challenging, serving as a preceptor benefits the students, the site, and the patients served. Therefore, colleges of pharmacy and community pharmacists are collaborating to increase the number of APPE sites to prepare pharmacy students for practice today and tomorrow.
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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ] University of Nigeria Nigeria
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Journal
            pharmacin
            Pharmacy Practice (Internet)
            Pharmacy Practice (Internet)
            Centro de Investigaciones y Publicaciones Farmacéuticas (Redondela )
            1886-3655
            September 2009
            : 7
            : 3
            : 145-149
            S1886-36552009000300003
            10.4321/s1886-36552009000300003

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Product
            Product Information: SciELO Spain
            Categories
            PHARMACOLOGY & PHARMACY

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