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      Significant Gene Expression of Insulin-Like Growth Factor II and Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen in a Rapidly Growing Recurrent Pituitary ACTH-Secreting Adenoma

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          Abstract

          Background: We quantified the expression of various growth-related factors in an adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-secreting adenoma that had recurred very rapidly as invasive macroadenoma. Methods/Results: A 43-year-old woman underwent successful transsphenoidal surgery for Cushing’s disease. Seven years later, she was admitted to our ward for further endocrine examinations. In spite of a very high plasma ACTH level, the serum cortisol level was normal. Discrepancies between ACTH and cortisol levels were detected on the basis of diurnal rhythms, dexamethasone suppression tests, and corticotropin-releasing hormone test. The patient showed no clinical features of Cushing’s disease. Magnetic resonance imaging of the pituitary showed an almost empty sella, and no microadenoma was found. These results, along with those of Sephadex column gel filtration and high-performance liquid chromatography of plasma-immunoreactive ACTH, suggested that the patient’s residual corticotrophs secreted biologically inactive ACTH. Two years later, the patient suddenly developed diplopia and right abducens nerve palsy. She was slightly moonfaced and centrally obese. Her plasma ACTH and serum and urinary free cortisol levels were elevated, although discrepancies between ACTH and cortisol still existed. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large pituitary mass with suprasellar and cavernous sinus extensions. The tumor was excised, and the proopiomelanocortin gene and the expression of growth-related factors were analyzed. No mutations were found in the ACTH-coding region of the proopiomelanocortin gene. A significant expression of insulin-like growth factor II and proliferating cell nuclear antigen mRNAs was demonstrated. A high MIB-1 antibody labeling index was also detected in the adenoma tissue, suggesting high Ki-67 expression. Conclusion: These growth- and proliferation-related factors might be involved in the rapid growth and aggressiveness of this patient’s pituitary adenoma.

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          Pituitary tumor pathogenesis

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            HRE
            Horm Res Paediatr
            10.1159/issn.1663-2818
            Hormone Research in Paediatrics
            S. Karger AG
            1663-2818
            1663-2826
            2000
            2000
            22 June 2001
            : 54
            : 4
            : 198-202
            Affiliations
            a2nd Department of Internal Medicine and bDepartment of Neurosurgery, Kochi Medical School, Nankoku, and c3rd Department of Internal Medicine, Okayama University Medical School, Okayama, Japan
            Article
            53259 Horm Res 2000;54:198–202
            10.1159/000053259
            11416238
            © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 5, Tables: 1, References: 17, Pages: 5
            Categories
            Case Report

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