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      Metabolism of Exogenous Noradrenaline in Constricted and in Distended Rabbit Ear Arteries

      , ,

      Journal of Vascular Research

      S. Karger AG

      Noradrenaline, Metabolism, Distension, Constriction, Perfused artery

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          Abstract

          (1) The metabolism of extraluminal and of intraluminal <sup>3</sup>H-noradrenaline (<sup>3</sup>H-NA; 0.18 µmol/l) was examined in arteries from reserpine-pretreated rabbits. The arteries were perfused in Ca medium (a) in the absence of prazosin to permit constriction to occur, (b) in the presence of prazosin, and (c) at a high intraluminal pressure (110 mm Hg; prazosin present) in order to distend the vessel. (2) The constrictor activity of the extraluminal NA was extremely weak, and antagonism by prazosin was not associated with a change in metabolite formation. The only change accompanying distension was a small (24%) increase in 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethylene glycol (DOPEG) formation.(3) The constrictor activity of intraluminal NA was much stronger than that of extraluminal NA. Antagonism of constriction by prazosin was accompanied by a 5-fold increase in DOPEG formation and a 2-fold increase in normetanephrine (NMN) formation. Distension resulted in a further 3-fold increase in DOPEG formation, but had little effect on NMN formation.(4) Since DOPEG is neuronal in origin, it is suggested that the changes in DOPEG formation in point 3 above reflect changes in the rate at which the intraluminal NA diffuses into the region of the sympathetic nerve terminals. In support of this suggestion, (a) distension was without effect when DOPEG formation was related to the vascular dimensions which determine rate of diffusion of NA, instead of to vascular mass, and (b) effects of constriction and distension on the rate of diffusion of intraluminal <sup>14</sup>C-sorbitol across the artery wall paralleled their effects on DOPEG formation.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1988
          1988
          23 September 2008
          : 25
          : 4
          : 185-198
          Affiliations
          Department of Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology, University of Adelaide, S.A., Australia
          Article
          158731 Blood Vessels 1988;25:185–198
          10.1159/000158731
          © 1988 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 14
          Categories
          Research Paper

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