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      Job burnout.

      1 , ,

      Annual review of psychology

      Annual Reviews

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          Abstract

          Burnout is a prolonged response to chronic emotional and interpersonal stressors on the job, and is defined by the three dimensions of exhaustion, cynicism, and inefficacy. The past 25 years of research has established the complexity of the construct, and places the individual stress experience within a larger organizational context of people's relation to their work. Recently, the work on burnout has expanded internationally and has led to new conceptual models. The focus on engagement, the positive antithesis of burnout, promises to yield new perspectives on interventions to alleviate burnout. The social focus of burnout, the solid research basis concerning the syndrome, and its specific ties to the work domain make a distinct and valuable contribution to people's health and well-being.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Annu Rev Psychol
          Annual review of psychology
          Annual Reviews
          0066-4308
          0066-4308
          2001
          : 52
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Psychology Department, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-1650, USA. maslach@socrates.berkeley.edu
          52/1/397
          10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.397
          11148311

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