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      An Investigation of Groundwater Contamination around Nsukka Municipality Dumpsite using the Resistivity Method

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          Abstract

          An investigation using electrical resistivity method was conducted around a solid waste dumpsite at Nsukka in Nsukka L.G.A of Enugu State, Nigeria to investigate the level of groundwater contamination. Electrical Sounding (VES) and 2D resistivity imaging were used with a digital read out resistivity meter (ABEM SAS 1000) to acquire data in the area. A total of eight (8) sounding and six (6) 2D resistivity imagings were carried out in the area. A contaminant leachate plume was delineated in 2D resistivity sections as low resistivity zones while the VES shows the depth of aquifer. In 2D pseudosections where bluish colours with low resistivities (less than 20.80Ωm) with the depth ranging from 1.28m to 17.1m in the Line 1 and 2 are seen as contaminated zones. The rest of the lines are not contaminated because of their high resistivities (greater than 20.80Ωm). The result of the electrical resistivity survey also showed 4 - 5 layers geo-electric sections and an AA and AK type sounding curves. The VES result shows that VES 1A, 1B, 2A and 2B which are carried out on line 1 & 2 of the wenner lines showed signs of contamination with low resistivity values less than 20.80Ωm complementing the wenner results. The contamination has not yet got to where the aquifer is located on the lines. Since the depth to the aquifer ranges from 30.26m to 155.43m while maximum depth of contamination is 17.1m. It is believed that the leachate has not percolated down to the aquiferous zones as such aquifers are presumed to be free.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          ScienceOpen Preprints
          ScienceOpen
          18 April 2020
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Physics
          Article
          10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-.PP22T3K.v1

          This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .

          All data generated or analysed during this study are included in this published article (and its supplementary information files).

          Earth & Environmental sciences, Geosciences, Physics

          Aquifer, Pseudosection, Vertical Electrical sounding , 2d resistivity imaging , Leachate, Sandy shale, Contaminated zones, Geoelectric section , Shale, Sand

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