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      Imaging recent to very remote object-in-place memories in the medial temporal lobe and prefrontal cortex

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          Studies on patient H.M inspired many experiments on the role of the hippocampus and the neocortex in retrieving recent and remote memories. Cortical regions become increasingly engaged for memory retrieval over time, while conflicting results emerge regarding the engagement of the hippocampus, suggested to be ongoing by some or restricted to the retrieval of recent memories by others. In the study of Lux et al, 2016 we tested that this discrepancy might stem from failing to dissociate CA1 from CA3s contribution to memory retrieval over time as CA3 is known to support computations more sensitive to time than CA1. We also reported that parahippocampal cortical areas with tied anatomical connections with the hippocampus were increasingly engaged over time (Lux et al., elife, 2016). This study used a fear conditioning paradigm as emotionally arousing experiences are better remembered than memories devoid of fear content. Here we address whether the differential contribution of brain regions is a general mechanism also subserving memory retrieval devoid of fear content. We succeeded in developing an object-in-place task to investigate remote memory retrieval up to 6 months and the contribution of CA1, CA3, parahippocampal and prefrontal cortical areas to the retrieval of recent versus very remote memories using a high resolution molecular imaging technique based on the detection of the IEG RNA Arc. Preliminary results show that the disengagement of CA3 and persistent engagement of CA1 seem to be a general mechanism in supporting retrieval of remote memory for events.

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          2 July 2020
          [1 ] Leibniz Institute for Neurobiology

          This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at .

          The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

          Neurosciences, Life sciences

          very remote memory, systems consolidation , CA1, CA3, Parahippocampal region, ACC, Arc imaging, Object-in-place


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