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      Brahmagupta and the concept of Zero

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      Brahmagupta, Bakhshali manuscript, Brahmasphutasiddhanta treatise, the concept of zero, Indian/Hindu counting system
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            Abstract

            This paper attempts to reconstruct the possible reasoning process that led the great Indian mathematician Brahmagupta in 628 A.D. to the formulation of two controversial rules for arithmetic, involving the number zero; rules which contradict modern arithmetic principles. Is it possible to explain these rules in some logical manner? This paper outlines a possible explanation of the issue based on similar reasoning. One may ask, why is the concept of zero so important? “From counting to calculating, from estimating the odds to knowing exactly . . . all of their parts swing on the smallest of pivots, zero” Kaplan [12]. Today’s technology would simply be impossible, from the smallest electronic device to space technology, engineering, mathematics and physics. If it were possible to erase the existence of zero from the annals of human achievement, we would be thrown back into the ancient times. Humanity owes a great debt of gratitude to the original inventor of zero - Brahmagupta, as well as to the Indian culture.

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            Journal
            ScienceOpen Preprints
            ScienceOpen
            17 July 2022
            Affiliations
            [1 ] Edoo Language School Cracov Poland
            Author notes
            Article
            10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-.PPDIJRA.v1
            12e4b543-6ee5-4026-941e-f0b01f613898

            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .


            Mathematics
            Brahmagupta,Bakhshali manuscript,Brahmasphutasiddhanta treatise,the concept of zero,Indian/Hindu counting system

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