Effective and efficient control of the agrarian obligations imposed by the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and the high-level decision making for national and global food security, requires systematic and timely monitoring of the agricultural land. In this study we focus on rice paddy monitoring in South Korea to ultimately deliver food security related information. Food security monitoring demands knowledge at large scales to allow for decision making at the highest level. In this work, we monitor the growth of rice using the TIMESAT solution on a time-series of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), extracting useful metrics with reference to the phenological phases of the crop, but also biomass and yield indicators. TIMESAT requires user provided parameters to define the start and the end of season to then compute the relevant metrics. In order to automate this procedure, the vegetation indices Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI) and Plant Senescence Reflectance Index (PSRI) are used to develop a data based parameter tuning for TIMESAT.