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      The Effect of Food and Energy Security on Political Stability


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      ScienceOpen Preprints


      Political Stability, Food Security, Energy Security, Fixed Effect Model

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          Since both food security and energy security are countries strategic objective, this study typically advocates a deep understanding of the concept of political stability to incorporate food and energy security as a new pillar of conflict management based on an empirical understanding of the nexus and its effect. We used food deficit as proxy for food security and energy imports for energy security from the World Bank database. Using the panel fixed effect method on data for more than 150 countries from 2008 to 2016, we identified a highly significant positive effect of economic growth, tourism and high institutional quality on stability. Destabilizing factors were also detected such as corruption and arable land scarcity. The negative effect of food insecurity was illustrated after the introduction of the squared term of food deficit. Energy imports also have a destabilizing effect. These results for the effect of food and energy security effect holds robust to various control of other determinants in our regression. This study calls for more attention to the energy and food strategy within a country. Keeping peace and stability in the world will require development effort and technological exchange between countries in terms of food strategy and renewable energy plans. These measures will boost economic growth and improve the quality of institutions which will help fighting corruption.

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          ScienceOpen Preprints
          31 May 2020
          [1 ] Master of Science MSc

          This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at .

          The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

          Statistics, Social & Behavioral Sciences, Mathematics, Economics

          Fixed Effect Model, Political Stability, Food Security, Energy Security


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