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      The Communication Infrastructures of Living Systems and the Universe: Analysis from the Perspective of Antenna Theory

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            Abstract

            It is still unknown how molecules coordinate their activity and operate at high speeds in the crowded environment of a cell. The study focuses on the geometry of biomolecules, assuming B-DNA, α-helix, β-strand, water molecules, and chemical bonds, including hydrogen bonds, as various types of antennas. The analysis demonstrates that living systems have highly sophisticated wireless and wired communication infrastructures for regulating and coordinating molecular activities, revealing why water is essential for molecular dynamics and indicating how we evolved.

            The study also includes a few equations linking antenna fields with Einstein’s general relativity, Kepler’s law of planetary motion, and Newton’s law of gravitation, which divides the gravitational field into antenna field zones and clarifies many astronomical facts. The findings, furthermore, suggest that the gravitational field is the antenna field of astronomical objects; and that nature's antennas, such as molecules and astronomical objects, communicate via gravitational waves. We hope that the study, which uses a classical approach to explain the facts of living systems and the Universe, will find applications in biology, astronomy, communication engineering, and other areas of science.

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            ScienceOpen Preprints
            ScienceOpen
            20 December 2021
            Affiliations
            [1 ] Biomolecular Nanotechnology Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology and Medical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, 769008, Odisha, India
            Author notes
            Article
            10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-.PPMZH43.v1
            d5f5d88c-e22e-4637-8569-a8231079b007

            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .

            Funding
            Not applicable Not applicable

            The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
            Earth & Environmental sciences,Astronomy & Astrophysics,Engineering,Physics,Life sciences
            Wireless communication Engineering,Evolution,Gravitational field,Consciousness,Antenna field,Astronomy,Biology,Water,General relativity,Unified field theory

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