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      Monitoring Air Pollution Variability during Disasters

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            Abstract

            National environmental regulations lack short-term standards for variability in fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ); they depend soley on concentration-based standards. Twenty-five years of research has linked short-term PM 2.5 ; that is, increases of at least 10 ug/m 3 that can occur in-between regulatory readings, to increased mortality (Di et al, 2017; Staniswalis et al, 2005; Conroy et al, 2001; Schwartz, 1994). Even as new technologies have emerged that could readily monitor short-term PM 2.5 , such as real-time monitoring and mobile monitoring, their primary application has been for research, not for air quality management. The Gulf oil spill offers a strategic setting in which regulatory monitoring, computer modeling, and stationary monitoring could be directly compared to mobile monitoring. Mobile monitoring was found to best capture the variability of PM 2.5 during the disaster. The research also found that each short-term increase (10-μg/m 3 ) in fine particulate matter was associated with a statistically significant increase of 0.105 deaths (p<0.001) in people aged 65 and over, a result that is in line with other studies. These findings contribute to understanding the effects of PM 2.5 on mortality during a disaster, and they provide justification for environmental managers to monitor the variability of PM 2.5 , not only the concentration.

            Content

            Author and article information

            Journal
            ScienceOpen Preprints
            ScienceOpen
            20 February 2021
            Affiliations
            [1 ] Texas Southern University, Department of Urban Planning and Environmental Policy, Houston, Texas, USA
            Article
            10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-.PPNBBAG.v1
            1987eaf8-ed24-4f69-adce-afccc1f0ce96

            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .

            Funding
            N/A N/A

            The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available in the repository: https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org/data/BP.x750.000:0024 ; https://ldh.la.gov/index.cfm/page/647/n/238
            Urban studies,Environmental management, Policy & Planning,Environmental engineering
            particulate matter,mortality,spatio-temporal monitoring,air pollution,environmental disaster management,public health,Gulf oil spill

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