Blog
About

  • Record: found
  • Abstract: found
  • Article: found
Is Open Access

Planning and Architecture in Greece in the Neoliberal Era

,

Architecture_MPS

UCL Press

Read this article at

Bookmark
      There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

      Abstract

      The first decade of the 2000s was an extremely interesting period for Athens which repeatedly captured the world’s attention for several reasons. The capital of Greece welcomed the mixed blessing of the Summer Olympic Games of 2004, was faced with major riots during December 2008 and became the focal point of the country’s financial crisis; this latter event, igniting extensive protests and demonstrations culminating in the “indignants” movement in the summer of 2011. Today, Athens is experiencing a severe deadlock; neglect and deterioration of the city centre; the establishment of immigrant ghettos; the severing of social fabric; the decomposition of the middle class; the perceived breach of security; and increasing homelessness.

      Over the past decade the tradition established with the fall of the military dictatorship in 1974, of considering the city and its infrastructure as a ‘public asset’, has been overturned. This was most notable during the preparations for the Summer Olympics between 2000 and 2004 during which a new emergency statutory framework for urban planning was introduced in the name of speed and efficiency. For the first time, public works, state property and enterprises of public interest were privatised. However, the end of the Games did not initiate a return to the former public status quo. On the contrary, the financial crisis that occurred a few years later promoted the 2004 ‘emergency’ model to the position of permanent planning policy. More recently in 2010 and 2011, a series of new laws have been added to this which essentially abolish the state’s position of primacy in urban planning decisions, eliminate public consultation at local government level, and reduce environmental and archaeological controls. In short, the private sector has been allowed to establish land-uses that have transgressed previous town planning and environmental norms. At the same time, these laws transfer state land assets to the newly founded Asset Development Fund so as to contribute towards the reduction of the country’s international debt. The consequences of this deregulation have been profound.

      Related collections

      Most cited references 4

      • Record: found
      • Abstract: not found
      • Article: not found

      Χωρικές πολιτικές για τον σχεδιασμό, την ανταγωνιστικότητα και την βιώσιμη ανάπτυξη των ελληνικών πόλεων (“Policies for spatial planning, competitiveness and sustainable development of Greek cities”)

       A Gospodini, (2007)
        Bookmark
        • Record: found
        • Abstract: not found
        • Article: not found

        Μικρά Αρχιτεκτονικά Γραφεία: Η σημασία τους σήμερα (“Small architectural practices: their importance today”)

          Bookmark
          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          La vivienda autopromovida: soluciones de post-guerra en Atenas (“The self-promoted housing solutions in post-war Athens”)

           T Maloutas, (2003)
            Bookmark

            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            National Technical University of Athens, Greece
            Journal
            Amps
            Architecture_MPS
            UCL Press
            2050-9006
            April 2014
            : 4
            : 1
            10.14324/111.444.amps.2014v4i4.001
            Copyright © 2014 The Author(s)

            This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic. To view a copy of this license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

            Counts
            Figures: 5, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 11, Pages: 20
            ScienceOpen disciplines:

            Comments

            Comment on this article