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      Thin or Thick Inclusiveness? The Constitutional Duty to Consult and Accommodate First Nations in Canada


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      London Journal of Canadian Studies

      UCL Press

      aboriginal rights, Canadian constitution, duty to consult, oil sands, tar sands, indigenous

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          What has the addition of aboriginal rights to the Canadian constitution in 1982 meant for the place of First Nations’ interests in the Canadian constitutional order? This article considers this question in the context of natural resource exploitation – specifically, the exploitation of the oil or tar sands in Alberta. It details some of the leading jurisprudence surrounding Section 35 of the Constitution Act 1982, the section of the Constitution recognizing existing aboriginal and treaty rights. Arguably, Section 35 represented an important effort to improve the status of aboriginal peoples in Canada, to enhance the extent to which Canada included and respected the values and interests of First Nations. The article specifically considers how the judicial interpretation of the Crown’s duty to consult and accommodate aboriginal peoples is related to the theme of inclusivity. It argues that the general thrust of judicial interpretation has promoted a thin, or procedural, version of inclusiveness rather than a substantive, or thicker, one. Such a thicker version of inclusiveness would be one in which the pace of oil sands exploitation is moderated or halted in order to allow First Nations to engage in traditional activities connected intimately with aboriginal and treaty rights.

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          Most cited references 17

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          Crown Consultation with Aboriginal Peoples in Oil Sands Development: Is it Adequate, Is it Legal? (CIRL Occasional Paper #19)Constitutional Forum/forum constitutionnel

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            Osler Updates

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              And No One Cheered: Federalism, Democracy and the Constitution Act


                Author and article information

                London Journal of Canadian Studies
                UCL Press
                14 November 2019
                : 34
                : 1
                : 149-175
                [1 ] University of Alberta, Canada
                [* ] Correspondence: Ian.Urquhart@ 123456UAlberta.ca
                Copyright © 2019, Ian Urquhart

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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                Figures: 3, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 19, Pages: 12


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