<p class="first" id="d1041099e240">Climate change is associated with negative health
outcomes, such as cardiovascular
and respiratory diseases. This article analyses the threat of climate change on population
health and the urgent need to implement measures to avoid this damage. Heat vulnerability,
heatwave exposures, and wildfire exposure to forest fires have increased in Chile.
In 2018, the annual mean concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exceeded
the safe level proposed by the World Health Organization, increasing the risk of negative
health outcomes. Thus, multidisciplinary and intersectoral mitigation and adaptation
policies are needed. Among other elements, mental health impacts of climate change,
health education provided by health workers to reduce negative health impacts of climate
change, greater engagement of academia to generate evidence useful for policy-making
processes and a better articulation between central and local governments should be
considered. Finally, achieving a healthy population should be the aim of all these
policies and efforts.