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      Effects of Reserpinization, Surgical Denervation and in vitro Chemical Denervation with 6-Hydroxydopamine on the Contractile Response of Isolated Rabbit Ear Artery to Propranolol

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          Abstract

          The contractile effect of propranolol in isolated rabbit ear artery was assessed in reserpinized and in surgically and chemically denervated blood vessels. Reserpinization and surgical denervation either had no effect on or enhanced the ear artery contractile response to 10<sup>–6</sup> to 10<sup>-4</sup> M propranolol. In contrast, the contractile response to propranolol was nearly abolished after denervation of the ear artery in vitro with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). Dose-response curves to norepinephrine were shifted to the left by factors of 4.9 in 6-OHDA denervated ear arteries and 15.6 in untreated arteries in the presence of 10<sup>–7</sup> M desipramine. The diluent for 6-OHDA shifted both the norepinephrine and propranolol dose-response curves to the right. It is proposed that propranolol caused a contractile response in ear artery by an action on the postsynaptic tissues of this vessel. 6-OHDA denervation caused nonspecific desensitization in rabbit ear artery leading to the loss of response of this vessel to propranolol.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1981
          1981
          19 September 2008
          : 18
          : 4-5
          : 153-160
          Affiliations
          Department of Pharmacology, University of California, Irvine, Calif., USA
          Article
          158350 Blood Vessels 1981;18:153–160
          10.1159/000158350
          © 1981 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Research Paper

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