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      Improving the link between payments and the provision of ecosystem services in agri-environment schemes

      , , , , , , , ,
      Ecosystem Services
      Elsevier BV

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          Ecosystem service supply and vulnerability to global change in Europe.

          Global change will alter the supply of ecosystem services that are vital for human well-being. To investigate ecosystem service supply during the 21st century, we used a range of ecosystem models and scenarios of climate and land-use change to conduct a Europe-wide assessment. Large changes in climate and land use typically resulted in large changes in ecosystem service supply. Some of these trends may be positive (for example, increases in forest area and productivity) or offer opportunities (for example, "surplus land" for agricultural extensification and bioenergy production). However, many changes increase vulnerability as a result of a decreasing supply of ecosystem services (for example, declining soil fertility, declining water availability, increasing risk of forest fires), especially in the Mediterranean and mountain regions.
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            Ecosystem services: from theory to implementation.

            Around the world, leaders are increasingly recognizing ecosystems as natural capital assets that supply life-support services of tremendous value. The challenge is to turn this recognition into incentives and institutions that will guide wise investments in natural capital, on a large scale. Advances are required on three key fronts, each featured here: the science of ecosystem production functions and service mapping; the design of appropriate finance, policy, and governance systems; and the art of implementing these in diverse biophysical and social contexts. Scientific understanding of ecosystem production functions is improving rapidly but remains a limiting factor in incorporating natural capital into decisions, via systems of national accounting and other mechanisms. Novel institutional structures are being established for a broad array of services and places, creating a need and opportunity for systematic assessment of their scope and limitations. Finally, it is clear that formal sharing of experience, and defining of priorities for future work, could greatly accelerate the rate of innovation and uptake of new approaches.
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              Watershed Partnerships and the Emergence of Collective Action Institutions

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Ecosystem Services
                Ecosystem Services
                Elsevier BV
                22120416
                September 2014
                September 2014
                : 9
                :
                : 44-53
                Article
                10.1016/j.ecoser.2014.06.008
                0119df02-baf9-429c-a82b-9e6470575305
                © 2014
                History

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