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      Prolapse of the Mitral Valve: Clinical, Hemodynamic, Angiographic and Echocardiographic Correlations

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          Abstract

          Among 1,519 patients undergoing diagnostic cardiac catheterization over a 2-year period, angiographically unequivocal mitral valve prolapse was identified in 79 cases (5.2%). Mitral valve prolapse was clinically unsuspected in 30 of these 79 patients. Echocardiographic studies were available in 44 cases, but only 55% of the patients with prolapse of the mitral valve documented by angiography had positive echocardiographic findings. One third of the patients had associated coronary artery disease, aortic valve disease or atrial septal defects. 14 patients (18%) had moderate or severe mitral regurgitation. There was a wide spectrum of hemodynamic and ventriculographic abnormalities that could not entirely be explained by the degree of prolapse, by the severity of mitral regurgitation or by the presence of associated diseases.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1978
          1978
          31 October 2008
          : 63
          : 6
          : 321-336
          Affiliations
          William Likoff Cardiovascular Institute, Hahnemann Medical College and Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa.
          Article
          169913 Cardiology 1978;63:321–336
          10.1159/000169913
          698983
          © 1978 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 16
          Categories
          Original Paper

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