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      Relationship between different roles in campus bullying and depression

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          Abstract

          Objective To explore the relationship between different roles in campus bullying and depression among adolescents.

          Methods Stratified cluster sampling method was used to select adolescents in grade 6–8 from three middle schools of Shanghai during November and December of 2017. Adolescents were surveyed anonymously using computer assisted self-interview approach via the tablets. Information including demographic characteristics, depression, and bullying was collected. The chi-square test and multivariate Logistic regressions were performed to explore the relationship between bullying roles and depression.

          Results About 75.74% of the respondents were involved in bullying, including 456 (27.65%) bystanders, 559 (33.90%) victims, 33 (2.00%) perpetrators, and 201 (12.19%) perpetrator-victims. There were 1 022 (61.98%) respondents in the low depression group and 627 (38. 02%) in the high depression group. Multivariate logistic regression showed that the four sub-groups involved in bullying all had higher level of depression than those uninvolved, with the perpetrator-victims ( OR = 4.77, 95%CI = 3.27–6.96) and the victims ( OR = 3.66, 95% CI = 2.71–4.94) had more depressive symptoms.

          Conclusion Different roles in campus bullying associates with more depressive symptoms, including perpetrators, victims, perpetrator-victims, and the bystanders.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 探究青少年在校园欺凌中的不同角色与抑郁之间的关联,为预防青少年校园欺凌的发生及促进青少 年心理健康提供科学依据。 方法 采取分层整群抽样方法,于2017年11一12月在上海市3所初中招募六至八年级全部 学生1 649名,采用平板计算机进行匿名自填问卷调査,内容包括青少年的人口学特征、抑郁状况以及参与欺凌的情况等。 结果 75.74%的学生涉及欺凌,其中旁观者456名(27.65%),受欺凌者559名(33.90%),欺凌者33名(2.00%),欺凌一受 欺凌者201名(12.19%)。性别、是否为独生子女在不同欺凌角色分布比较中差异均有统计学意义 (妒值分别为36.89, 9.59, P值均<0.05)。在抑郁分组中,低分组1 022名,占61.98%;髙分组有627名,占38.02%。多因素Logistic回归分析发 现,与未涉及欺凌者相比,涉及欺凌的4种角色人群均有更髙的抑郁水平,以欺凌一受欺凌者( OR = 4.77, 95%CI =3.27 ~ 6.96)和受欺凌者( OR = 3.66,95%CI =2.71~4.94)为甚。 结论 青少年在校园欺凌中的不同角色和抑郁水平之间存在关 联,与未涉及者相比,欺凌者、受欺凌者、欺凌一受欺凌者和旁观者的抑郁水平均较髙。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese School Health Editorial Department (China )
          1000-9817
          01 February 2020
          01 January 2020
          : 40
          : 2
          : 228-231
          Affiliations
          [1] 1School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai (200032), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: Zuo Xiayun, E-mail: zuxiyu513@ 123456163.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.02.019
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.02.019
          0689780a-feec-4166-8774-11e5feae6088
          © 2019 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Violence,Students,Mental health,Depression

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