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      Vascular Production and Regulation of Angiotensin

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          Abstract

          To test the hypothesis that angiotensin (Ang) I and II are produced by blood vessels, we investigated the formation of both Ang I and Ang II in isolated, perfused rat hindquarters. To characterize the nature of this production further, we modulated plasma renin by total or subtotal nephrectomy and tested the effects of exogenous renin and renin substrate on vascular Ang formation. Assays of the perfusate by high-performance liquid chromatography and radioimmunoassay demonstrated the spontaneous release of Ang I and Ang II from the hindlimb vasculature. Conversion of Ang I to Ang II in hindquarter vasculature was approximately 75% and was totally suppressed by captopril. The spontaneous formation of Ang peptides was abolished by bilateral nephrectomy but was not affected by subtotal 5/6 nephrectomy. The addition of purified rat angiotensinogen to the preparation increased Ang II levels. The infusion of renin into the hindlimb vasculature led to substantial increases in local Ang formation and also raised the perfusion pressure. Both effects were sensitive to captopril and to the renin inhibitor H-142. The data indicate that Ang I and Ang II are produced locally within blood vessels. However, the origin of vascular renin remains controversial. Our results suggest that part of the enzyme is taken up from plasma.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5380-3
          978-3-318-01726-7
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1991
          1991
          23 September 2008
          : 28
          : 1-3
          : 201-209
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Medicine-Nephrology, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg; bGerman Institute for High Blood Pressure Research, Heidelberg; cDepartment of Pharmacology, University of Heidelberg, FRG
          Article
          158863 Blood Vessels 1991;28:201–209
          10.1159/000158863
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Renin-Angiotensin Systems in Cardiovascular Tissue

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