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      Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars.

      Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
      Chromatography, Gas, Fruit, chemistry, Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Mangifera, Odors, analysis, Terpenes, Volatilization

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          Abstract

          The volatile components of 20 mango cultivars were investigated by means of simultaneous distillation-extraction, GC, and GC-MS. Three hundred and seventy-two compounds were identified, of which 180 were found for the first time in mango fruit. The total concentration of volatiles was approximately 18-123 mg/kg of fresh fruit. Terpene hydrocarbons were the major volatiles of all cultivars, the dominant terpenes being delta-3-carene (cvs. Haden, Manga amarilla, Macho, Manga blanca, San Diego, Manzano, Smith, Florida, Keitt, and Kent), limonene (cvs. Delicioso, Super Haden, Ordonez, Filipino, and La Paz), both terpenes (cv. Delicia), terpinolene (cvs. Obispo, Corazon, and Huevo de toro), and alpha-phellandrene (cv. Minin). Other qualitative and quantitative differences among the cultivars could be demonstrated.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          15769159
          10.1021/jf0402633

          Chemistry
          Chromatography, Gas,Fruit,chemistry,Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry,Mangifera,Odors,analysis,Terpenes,Volatilization

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