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      Electrochemical behaviour of dopamine at covalent modified glassy carbon electrode with l-cysteine: preliminary results

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          Abstract

          The surface of glassy carbon (GC) electrode has been modified by oxidation of L-cysteine. The covalent modified GC electrode with L-Cysteine has been studied, according the supporting electrolyte used. Favourable interactions between the L-cysteine film and DA enhance the current response compared to that at the Nafion GC and bare GC electrodes, achieving better performances than those other electrodes. This behaviour was as result of the adsorption of the cysteine layer film, compact and uniform formation; depending on L-cysteine solution (phosphate buffer or chloridric acid supporting electrolyte) used for modifying GC surface. In cyclic voltammetric measurements, modified electrodes can successfully separate the oxidation/reduction DA peaks in different buffer solutions, but an evident dependence in the response was obtained as function of pH and modified electrode. The modified electrode prepared with L-cysteine/HCl solution was used to obtain the calibration curve and it exhibited a stable and sensitive response to DA. The results are described and discussed in the light of the existing literature.

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          Standard electrochemical behavior of high-quality, boron-doped polycrystalline diamond thin-film electrodes

          Standard electrochemical data for high-quality, boron-doped diamond thin-film electrodes are presented. Films from two different sources were compared (NRL and USU) and both were highly conductive, hydrogen-terminated, and polycrystalline. The films are acid washed and hydrogen plasma treated prior to use to remove nondiamond carbon impurity phases and to hydrogen terminate the surface. The boron-doping level of the NRL film was estimated to be in the mid 1019 B/cm3 range, and the boron-doping level of the USU films was approximately 5 x 10(20) B/cm(-3) based on boron nuclear reaction analysis. The electrochemical response was evaluated using Fe-(CN)6(3-/4-), Ru(NH3)6(3+/2+), IrCl6(2-/3-), methyl viologen, dopamine, ascorbic acid, Fe(3+/2+), and chlorpromazine. Comparisons are made between the apparent heterogeneous electron-transfer rate constants, k0(app), observed at these high-quality diamond films and the rate constants reported in the literature for freshly activated glassy carbon. Ru(NH3)6(3+/2+), IrCl6(2-/3-), methyl viologen, and chlorpromazine all involve electron transfer that is insensitive to the diamond surface microstructure and chemistry with k0(app) in the 10(-2)-10(-1) cm/s range. The rate constants are mainly influenced by the electronic properites of the films. Fe(CN)6(3-/4-) undergoes electron transfer that is extremely sensitive to the surface chemistry with k0(app) in the range of 10(-2)-10(-1) cm/s at the hydrogen-terminated surface. An oxygen surface termination severely inhibits the rate of electron transfer. Fe(3+/2+) undergoes slow electron transfer at the hydrogen-terminated surface with k0(app) near 10(-5) cm/s. The rate of electron transfer at sp2 carbon electrodes is known to be mediated by surface carbonyl functionalities; however, this inner-sphere, catalytic pathway is absent on diamond due to the hydrogen termination. Dopamine, like other catechol and catecholamines, undergoes sluggish electron transfer with k0(app) between 10(-4) and 10(-5) cm/s. Converting the surface to an oxygen termination has little effect on k0(app). The slow kinetics may be related to weak adsorption of these analytes on the diamond surface. Ascorbic acid oxidation is very sensitive to the surface termination with the most negative Ep(ox) observed at the hydrogen-terminated surface. An oxygen surface termination shifts Ep(ox) positive by some 250 mV or more. An interfacial energy diagram is proposed to explain the electron transfer whereby the midgap density of states results primarily from the boron doping level and the lattice hydrogen. The films were additionally characterized by scanning electron microscopy and micro-Raman imaging spectroscopy. The cyclic voltammetric and kinetic data presented can serve as a benchmark for research groups evaluating the electrochemical properties of semimetallic (i.e., conductive), hydrogen-terminated, polycrystalline diamond.
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            Electrochemical Bonding of Amines to Carbon Fiber Surfaces Toward Improved Carbon-Epoxy Composites

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              Gold-Cluster Sensors Formed Electrochemically at Boron-Doped-Diamond Electrodes: Detection of Dopamine in the Presence of Ascorbic Acid and Thiols

               J. Ye,  J. Wang,  J. Xue (2005)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                mr
                Materials Research
                Mat. Res.
                ABM, ABC, ABPol (São Carlos )
                1980-5373
                2009
                : 12
                : 4
                : 375-384
                Affiliations
                [1 ] University of Milan Italy
                [2 ] Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte Brazil
                [3 ] Universidad de las Américas Mexico
                Article
                S1516-14392009000400002
                10.1590/S1516-14392009000400002

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Brazil
                Categories
                ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL
                MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY
                METALLURGY & METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING

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