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      Physiological Effects of Portal Ligation on the Longitudinal and Circular Muscles of the Dog Portal Tree

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          Abstract

          We studied physiological effects of portal vein ligation on the longitudinal and circular muscles of the dog portal tree. Portal venous blood pressure after portal ligation was higher in dogs that died than in those that survived. The portal veins isolated from dogs that died after portal ligation exhibited both lower rate of onset and decreased intensity of spontaneous activity, compared with those from dogs that survived. Responsiveness of longitudinal muscles of each of the four portal segments to noradrenaline, acetylcholine, histamine and KC1 was markedly reduced in dogs that died, compared with those that survived, although the responsiveness of circular muscle was nearly equal in both groups of dogs. The longitudinal muscle of the truncal portal vein from dogs that died responded less strongly to electrical transmural stimulation than that from surviving dogs. The nonadrenergic, non-cholinergic response was almost abolished in dogs that died rapidly. The degree of spontaneous activity or responsiveness to various stimulations in smooth muscles of the portal tree is considered to reflect muscular development. The degree of development of the longitudinal muscle of the portal tree may determine the survival of dogs after portal ligation.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1988
          1988
          23 September 2008
          : 25
          : 5
          : 240-249
          Affiliations
          Department of Pharmacology and Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University, Japan
          Article
          158736 Blood Vessels 1988;25:240–249
          10.1159/000158736
          © 1988 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 10
          Categories
          Research Paper

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