Resveratrol (Res) is a natural polyphenolic compound found in several plants and reported as a promising biological molecule with effective anti-fibrosis and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the underlying mechanism of Res on systemic sclerosis (SSc) remains unclear. In the study, we identified the key cellular signaling pathways involved in the Res regulatory process on SSc.
Res-targeted genes interaction network was constructed using the STITCH database, and the shared Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways involved in both SSc and Res-targeted genes were then identified. The top five enriched KEGG pathways were visualized by GOplot. KEGG pathways associated with Res-targeted genes were established by Pathway Builder Tool 2.0. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to assess the expression of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), mammalian targeted of rapamycin (mTOR), and cytokines.
Enrichment analysis of Res-targeted genes showed 79 associated pathways, 27 of which were also involved in SSc. Particularly, SIRT1/mTOR signaling was found as one of the crucial regulatory pathways. In vitro results suggested that SIRT1-mediated mTOR degradation ameliorated bleomycin (BLM)-induced fibrosis and inflammation. Res was capable of elevating the SIRT1 level in fibroblasts and partially reversing mTOR-dependent induction of fibrosis and inflammation.