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      Gastroduodenitis eosinofilica: a propósito de un caso Translated title: EOSINOPHILIC GASTRODUODENITIS: CASE REPORT

      case-report

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          Abstract

          Introducción: La Gastroenteritis eosinofilica, se refiere a la eosinofilia en cualquiera de las capas de la pared del tracto gastrointestinal, es una patología rara, con incidencia no reportada y de patogenia desconocida, asociada a antecedentes de atopias y alergias alimentarias. Se requiere para su diagnóstico la evidencia histológica de eosinofilia, la ausencia de ésta en órganos extraintestinales y sin presencia de infección parasitaria. Caso clínico: Se reporta el caso de una paciente femenina de 39 años de edad, con clínica de 4 meses que inició posterior a intoxicación alimentaria y caracterizada por dolor abdominal difuso con predominio de epigástrico, opresivo, de fuerte intensidad, que mejoraba con uso de antiespasmódicos y se intensificaba con la ingestión de alimentos, acompañado de náuseas y vómitos. Se planteó el diagnóstico por imágenes de litiasis vesicular, siendo sometida a colecistectomía laparoscópica. Por persistencia de la sintomatología se realizó endoscopia digestiva superior con hallazgos sugestivos de: gastroduodenitis parasitaria y la biopsia reportó: gastroduodenitis crónica severa eosinofilica. Se indicó tratamiento a base de prednisona, obteniendo resolución completa del cuadro clínico.

          Translated abstract

          Background: eosinophilic gastroenteritis, refers to eosino- philia in any of the layers of the wall of the gastrointestinal tract, it is a rare condition, with no reported incidence and unknown pathogenesis associated with a history of atopy and food allergies. It required for diagnosis histologic evidence of eosinophilia, its absence in intestinal organs without presence of parasitic infection. Case report: The case of a female patient of 39 years old, with clinical started 4 months after food poisoning, characterized by a predominance of diffuse abdominal pain epigastric, oppressive, strong intensity, which improved with use is reported antispasmodics and intensified with food intake, with nausea and vomiting. The imaging of gallstones was raised, undergoing laparoscopic cholecystec- tomy. Persistence of symptoms upper endoscopy is performed with suggestive findings: parasitic gastroduodenitis and biop- sy reported: severe chronic eosinophilic gastroduodenitis. Treatment with prednisone was indicated, obtaining complete resolution of symptoms.

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          Most cited references9

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          Enfermedades gastrointestinales y hepáticas

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            Ileítis eosinofílica: caso infrecuente de obstrucción intestinal

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              Complicated course of eosinophilic gastroen- teritis: a case report and literature review

              L. Mais (2014)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                gen
                Gen
                Gen
                Sociedad Venezolana de Gastroentereología
                0016-3503
                July 2015
                : 69
                : 2
                : 50-55
                Affiliations
                [1 ] IAHULA
                [2 ] Anatomopatólogo Biopsias Mérida
                [3 ] IVSS
                [4 ] IAHULA
                Article
                S0016-35032015000200006
                156e01f1-873b-4df4-9536-0cc57da980f1

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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                SciELO Venezuela

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.org.ve/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0016-3503&lng=en

                eosinophilic gastroenteritis,eosinophilia,food allergies,gastroenteritis eosinofilica,alergias alimentarias,eosinofilia

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