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      The Resting and Postexercise Phonocardiogram and Electrocardiogram in Asymptomatic Women

      , ,

      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

      Electrocardiography exercise, Phonocardiography, Fourth heart sound, Third heart sound

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          Abstract

          One hundred asymptomatic women, mean age 51, had simultaneous phonocardiograms and electrocardiograms at rest and after a double Master’s test. A fourth heart sound was present at rest in 13 % and after exercise in 32% of them. A third heart sound was present at rest in 2% and after exercise in 17% of these asymptomatic women. All women who had a third heart sound at rest also had a fourth heart sound at rest; all women who had a third heart sound after exercise had a fourth heart sound after exercise. Two of the 100 women (2 %) had ≧ 1.0 mm ischemic ST-segment depression, and 6 % had ≧ 0.5 mm ischemic ST-segment depression. After exercise, 34 % of the women had either a fourth heart sound or ≧ 0.5 mm ischemic ST-segment depression, and 20 % had either a third heart sound or ≧ 0.5 mm ischemic ST-segment depression. Postmenopausal women had a higher incidence of post-exercise third and fourth heart sounds and ischemic ST-segment depression than did premenopausal women.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1970
          1970
          29 October 2008
          : 55
          : 6
          : 333-339
          Affiliations
          Cardiology Section, Medical Service, Long Beach Veterans Administration Hospital, and University of California College of Medicine, Irvine, Calif.
          Article
          169297 Cardiology 1970;55:333–339
          10.1159/000169297
          © 1970 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
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