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      The Resting and Postexercise Phonocardiogram and Electrocardiogram in Asymptomatic Women

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      S. Karger AG

      Electrocardiography exercise, Phonocardiography, Fourth heart sound, Third heart sound

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          One hundred asymptomatic women, mean age 51, had simultaneous phonocardiograms and electrocardiograms at rest and after a double Master’s test. A fourth heart sound was present at rest in 13 % and after exercise in 32% of them. A third heart sound was present at rest in 2% and after exercise in 17% of these asymptomatic women. All women who had a third heart sound at rest also had a fourth heart sound at rest; all women who had a third heart sound after exercise had a fourth heart sound after exercise. Two of the 100 women (2 %) had ≧ 1.0 mm ischemic ST-segment depression, and 6 % had ≧ 0.5 mm ischemic ST-segment depression. After exercise, 34 % of the women had either a fourth heart sound or ≧ 0.5 mm ischemic ST-segment depression, and 20 % had either a third heart sound or ≧ 0.5 mm ischemic ST-segment depression. Postmenopausal women had a higher incidence of post-exercise third and fourth heart sounds and ischemic ST-segment depression than did premenopausal women.

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          Author and article information

          S. Karger AG
          29 October 2008
          : 55
          : 6
          : 333-339
          Cardiology Section, Medical Service, Long Beach Veterans Administration Hospital, and University of California College of Medicine, Irvine, Calif.
          169297 Cardiology 1970;55:333–339
          © 1970 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Pages: 7


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