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      Heme Synthesis in Chronic Renal Failure: The Effects of Hemodialysis, Peritoneal Dialysis and Erythropoietin Treatment

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          Abstract

          Increased plasma porphyrins have been described in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). We measured plasma levels of porphyrins and the activity in erythrocytes of porphobilinogen deaminase (PBG-D), one of the key enzymes in heme biosynthesis, in CRF patients not yet on dialysis and in patients on intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) or chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), some of whom were being treated with recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO). In addition, the amount of immuno-detectable PBG-D (Ig PBG-D) per 100 units standard PBG-D activity (Ig PBG-D/100 U) and the total amount of Ig PBG-D, using polyclonal antibodies, were determined in erythrocytes of all patients and controls to detect changes in biodegradation of this enzyme. Plasma porphyrins were increased in CRF patients not yet on dialysis and even higher in both patient groups on dialysis compared with controls. Plasma porphyrins were higher in patients on IHD than in patients on CAPD. The activity of PBG-D was increased and Ig PBG-D/100 U was decreased in patients on IHD compared with CRF patients not yet on dialysis and patients on CAPD. Reticulocyte counts were also greater in patients on IHD than in CRF patients not yet on dialysis and patients on CAPD. Ig PBG-D was increased in both groups of patients on dialysis and treated with rHuEPO compared with patients not treated with rHuEPO. In conclusion: (1) in patients on IHD, an increased production of porphyrins is, at least partly, caused by an increased PBG-D activity, and (2) an increased PBG-D activity and a decrease in Ig PBG-D/100 U in patients on IHD could be explained by the presence of a (relatively) young erythroid cell population in which a larger part of PBG-D has not yet been degraded.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1995
          1995
          18 December 2008
          : 71
          : 3
          : 297-302
          Affiliations
          Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Rotterdam-Dijkzigt, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
          Article
          188735 Nephron 1995;71:297–302
          10.1159/000188735
          8569978
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

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