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      A battery of genotoxicity studies with an allergy vaccine adjuvanted with monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL®) for the treatment of grass pollen allergy.

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          Abstract

          The allergy vaccine Pollinex® Quattro Grass, developed for the prevention/relief of allergic symptoms caused by grass pollen in adults and children, contains extracts of 12 grass pollens and rye cereal (all chemically modified by glutaraldehyde), adsorbed onto L-tyrosine with addition of the immunostimulatory adjuvant monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL®). This paper represents the first publication on genetic toxicology data for such a vaccine. An Ames test using five strains of Salmonella typhimurium at concentrations up to 2000 standardized units (SU) per plate in the absence (-) and presence (+) of metabolic activation (rat liver S9) showed negative results, as did treatment - S9 in the mouse lymphoma assay (MLA). However, a reproducible positive response was noted in the MLA + S9, which could not be attributed to extreme culture conditions, but may have been an artefact of the exogenous metabolizing system. Up to 60% false positive results are reported for the MLA with noncarcinogens. Hence, in vivo genotoxicity studies were conducted. These further assessments comprised a rat bone marrow micronucleus test following subcutaneous (s.c.) doses of 10 000, 20 000 or 40 000 SU kg⁻¹ per day for 2 days, and a comet assay in liver and kidney cells from rats treated with Pollinex® Quattro Grass at 20 000 or 40 000 SU kg⁻¹ per day s.c. for 2 days. Plasma analysis showed evidence of systemic antibodies to Pollinex® Quattro Grass immunogens, but the exposure levels could not be quantified. No evidence of genotoxicity was observed in either of the in vivo studies. Overall, the genotoxicity test results supported safe clinical use of Pollinex® Quattro Grass.

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          Author and article information

          Affiliations
          [1 ] Scientific and Regulatory Consulting, Covance Laboratories Ltd, Otley Road, Harrogate, North Yorkshire HG3 1PY, UK.
          Journal
          J Appl Toxicol
          Journal of applied toxicology : JAT
          1099-1263
          0260-437X
          Aug 2012
          : 32
          : 8
          21919021 10.1002/jat.1726
          Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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