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      Apport de la France, promotion de l’expression d’un style national vietnamien dans la première École des Beaux-Arts de l’Indochine

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          Abstract

          En 1924, Victor Tardieu fait le projet d’une Ecole des Beaux-Arts de l’Indochine. Elle ouvre ses portes à Hanoi en 1925. Il y enseigne la peinture mais il entend aussi orienter les enseignements de telle sorte que les élèves formés en son sein soient à même de produire un art vietnamien censé s’inscrire dans la continuité d’une culture nationale. L’article décrit d’abord comment, dans les domaines de la peinture sur soie, de la laque et de l’architecture Tardieu a joué un rôle majeur dans la définition d’une expression nationale. Il analyse ensuite les raisons pour lesquelles il ne pouvait penser la culture autrement qu’à travers les notions d’identité nationale et de ≪ race ≫, comme le faisaient la majeure partie des hommes de son temps : sa vision humaniste et universaliste de l’art ne lui paraissait pas opposée à l’ambition de faire vivre une identité singulière vietnamienne. L’article souligne enfin la lumière apportée par l’anthropologie des transferts culturels dans l’examen critique de ce moment de l’histoire coloniale.

          Translated abstract

          In 1924, Victor Tardieu planned to create a Beaux-Arts School in Indochina, which opened its doors in Hanoi in 1925. There he taught painting but also wanted to guide his students to produce a Vietnamese art consistent with a national culture. First the article describes how Tardieu played a major part in the definition of a national expression in the fields of silk painting, lacquer and architecture. Then it explores the reasons why he could not think of culture other than through the notions of national identity and ‘race’ as the vast majority of his contemporaries did: his humanistic and universalistic vision of art did not contradict his ambition to provide a singular Vietnamese identity. Finally, the article emphasizes the contribution of the anthropology of cultural transfer in the critical review of this colonial period.

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          Orientalism/Occidentalism : The Founding of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts d’Indochine and the Politics of Painting in Colonial Viê.t Nam, 1925–1945

           N. TAYLOR (1997)
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            Author and article information

            Contributors
            Journal
            2056-6700
            Open Library of Humanities
            Open Library of Humanities
            2056-6700
            13 June 2019
            2019
            : 5
            : 1
            Affiliations
            [1 ]Ecole supérieure d’art d’Aix-en-Provence, FR
            Article
            10.16995/olh.376
            Copyright: © 2019 The Author(s)

            This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

            Categories
            The encounter between asian and western art, 20th-21st centuries

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