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      Research updates on the pathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and sports intervention

      research-article
      1 , 1 ,
      Chinese Journal of School Health
      Chinese Journal of School Health
      Scoliosis, Motor activity, Adolescent

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          Abstract

          Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional deformity that includes scoliosis in the coronal plane, imbalance in the sagittal plane, and rotation of the vertebral body in the transverse axis without any congenital spinal anomalies or combined neuromuscular and skeletal disorders, and is the most common structural scoliosis in clinical practice. Epidemiological surveys have shown that the prevalence of AIS in China is on the rise and has become another important health problem threatening the health of our youth. Studies have found that exercise therapy shows positive effects on the prevention and treatment of AIS, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. This paper reviewed relevant literature through China Knowledge Network (CNKI), Web of Science, PubMed, Elsevier, regarding pathological mechanisms of the occurrence and development of AIS, as well as effectiveness of exercise therapy on AIS and related mechanisms during recent years, to provide reference for the treatment of AIS.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 青少年特发性脊柱侧弯 (adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, AIS)指一种包括冠状面上的侧弯、矢状面上的失平衡和椎 体在横轴位上旋转在内的三维畸形, 无任何先天性脊柱异常或合并有神经肌肉和骨骼等疾病, 是临床最常见的结构性脊柱 侧弯。中国AIS的患病率呈不断上升趋势, 成为威胁青少年健康的重要卫生问题。运动疗法对于预防与治疗AIS具有积 极的效应, 但其潜在机制尚不十分明确。研究综述了近年来关于AIS发生与发展的病理机制及运动疗法对AIS的干预作 用及相关机制, 以期为治疗AIS提供参考。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 September 2022
          01 September 2022
          : 43
          : 9
          : 1436-1440
          Affiliations
          [1] 1School of Physical Sciences, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin (300387), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: BAI Lili, E-mail: blx0305@ 123456163.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.09.038
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.09.038
          25742116-fc20-4ecd-80ce-50fd48f75831
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Adolescent,Scoliosis,Motor activity

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