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      Grounded theory research: A design framework for novice researchers

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          Abstract

          Background:

          Grounded theory is a well-known methodology employed in many research studies. Qualitative and quantitative data generation techniques can be used in a grounded theory study. Grounded theory sets out to discover or construct theory from data, systematically obtained and analysed using comparative analysis. While grounded theory is inherently flexible, it is a complex methodology. Thus, novice researchers strive to understand the discourse and the practical application of grounded theory concepts and processes.

          Objective:

          The aim of this article is to provide a contemporary research framework suitable to inform a grounded theory study.

          Result:

          This article provides an overview of grounded theory illustrated through a graphic representation of the processes and methods employed in conducting research using this methodology. The framework is presented as a diagrammatic representation of a research design and acts as a visual guide for the novice grounded theory researcher.

          Discussion:

          As grounded theory is not a linear process, the framework illustrates the interplay between the essential grounded theory methods and iterative and comparative actions involved. Each of the essential methods and processes that underpin grounded theory are defined in this article.

          Conclusion:

          Rather than an engagement in philosophical discussion or a debate of the different genres that can be used in grounded theory, this article illustrates how a framework for a research study design can be used to guide and inform the novice nurse researcher undertaking a study using grounded theory. Research findings and recommendations can contribute to policy or knowledge development, service provision and can reform thinking to initiate change in the substantive area of inquiry.

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          Most cited references23

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          Memoing in qualitative research: Probing data and processes

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            Sampling in Grounded Theory

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              The power and potential of grounded theory

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                SAGE Open Med
                SAGE Open Med
                SMO
                spsmo
                SAGE Open Medicine
                SAGE Publications (Sage UK: London, England )
                2050-3121
                02 January 2019
                2019
                : 7
                : 2050312118822927
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Nursing and Midwifery, College of Healthcare Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia
                [2 ]College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Australia, Hobart, TAS, Australia
                Author notes
                [*]Ylona Chun Tie, Nursing and Midwifery, College of Healthcare Sciences, James Cook University, 1 James Cook Drive, Douglas, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia. Email: ylona.chuntie@ 123456jcu.edu.au
                Author information
                https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6069-8074
                Article
                10.1177_2050312118822927
                10.1177/2050312118822927
                6318722
                30637106
                27eaedb9-866a-4362-adf6-46f1bc8e3c19
                © The Author(s) 2019

                This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages ( https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).

                History
                : 30 July 2018
                : 10 December 2018
                Categories
                Study Protocol
                Custom metadata
                January-December 2019

                framework,grounded theory,grounded theory methods,novice researcher,study design

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