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      Rickettsia in synanthropic and domestic animals and their hosts from two areas of low endemicity for Brazilian spotted fever in the eastern region of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

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          Abstract

          The aim of this study was to understand the current epidemiology of rickettsial diseases in two rickettsial-endemic regions in Brazil. In the municipalities of Pingo D'Agua and Santa Cruz do Escalvado, among serum samples obtained from horses and dogs, reactivity by immunofluorescent assay against spotted fever group rickettsiae was verified. In some serum samples from opossums (Didelphis aurita) captured in Santa Cruz do Escalvado, serologic response against rickettsiae was also verified. Polymerase chain reaction identified rickettsiae only in ticks and fleas obtained in Santa Cruz do Escalvado. Rickettsiae in samples had 100% sequence homology with Rickettsia felis. These results highlight the importance of marsupials in maintenance of the sylvatic cycle of rickettsial disease and potential integration with the domestic cycle. Our data also support the importance of horses and dogs as sentinels in monitoring circulation of rickettsiae in an urban area.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.
          The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
          American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
          1476-1645
          0002-9637
          Dec 2010
          : 83
          : 6
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Ouro Preto Federal University, Ouro Preto, Brazil. bsmilagres@gmail.com
          Article
          83/6/1305
          10.4269/ajtmh.2010.10-0239
          2990049
          21118939

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