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      Rapid development of anoxic niches in supraglacial ecosystems

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          Most cited references53

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          Acceleration of the contribution of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets to sea level rise

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            Microbial ecology of the cryosphere: sea ice and glacial habitats.

            The Earth's cryosphere comprises those regions that are cold enough for water to turn into ice. Recent findings show that the icy realms of polar oceans, glaciers and ice sheets are inhabited by microorganisms of all three domains of life, and that temperatures below 0 °C are an integral force in the diversification of microbial life. Cold-adapted microorganisms maintain key ecological functions in icy habitats: where sunlight penetrates the ice, photoautotrophy is the basis for complex food webs, whereas in dark subglacial habitats, chemoautotrophy reigns. This Review summarizes current knowledge of the microbial ecology of frozen waters, including the diversity of niches, the composition of microbial communities at these sites and their biogeochemical activities.
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              Increased Runoff from Melt from the Greenland Ice Sheet: A Response to Global Warming

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research
                Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research
                Informa UK Limited
                1523-0430
                1938-4246
                April 19 2018
                January 2018
                March 28 2018
                January 2018
                : 50
                : 1
                : S100015
                Affiliations
                [1 ] School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
                [2 ] Bristol Glaciology Centre, School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
                [3 ] The Black and Bloom Team, blackandbloom.org
                Article
                10.1080/15230430.2017.1420859
                2add183c-6f4d-4263-8b09-02e14712be18
                © 2018

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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