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      LOS PRINCIPIOS DE DISTINCIÓN Y PROPORCIONALIDAD EN EL MARCO DE LA RESPONSABILIDAD PENAL INTERNACIONAL INDIVIDUAL -CONTENIDO Y PROBLEMÁTICA- Translated title: THE PRINCIPLES OF DISTINCTION AND PROPORTIONALITY UNDER THE FRAMEWORK OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY -CONTENT AND ISSUES-

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          Abstract

          Este artículo busca ilustrar cómo los Principios de Distinción y Proporcionalidad, provenientes de un conglomerado de normas primarias (Derecho Internacional Humanitario, DIH), han influenciado el sistema de responsabilidad penal internacional, consagrado en el Estatuto de Roma. Se observa que aun cuando este último contiene provisiones legales que reprochan conductas de tipo indiscriminado, hay un vacío relacionado con el significado y la extensión de dichos comportamientos; dicha problemática se explica, de un lado, por la reticencia que tienen los Estados en comprometer su soberanía y, del otro, por las especificidades de la función punitiva de la Corte. Las consecuencias prácticas de esta situación se pueden apreciar en el escenario de los conflictos armados internos, ya que la mayoría de éstos se desarrolla en este ámbito. A pesar de un diagnóstico pesimista, debe señalarse que el mero hecho de que una corte penal permanente haya emergido como una realidad tangible constituye una ganancia, ya que es mediante su actividad -la producción de jurisprudencia que establezca el contenido y alcance de las normas- que los inconvenientes pueden ser confrontados y resueltos.

          Translated abstract

          This article seeks to illustrate how the Principles of Distinction and Proportionality, coming from a branch of primary rules (International Humanitarian Law) have a relevant influence on the modern system of international criminal responsibility, consecrated in the Statute of the International Criminal Court, ICC. It is found that even if the latter contains provisions -war crimes- reproaching conducts due to their indiscriminate character, there are gaps related with the meaning and extension of such criminal conducts; this problematic is explained on one hand, by the political reluctance of States to compromise their sovereignty, and the specificities of the punitive function on the other. Practical consequences can be seen on the way on which modern armed conflicts take place, as most of them take place in a non-international level. Despite of a pessimist diagnosis, it has to be firmly pointed that the sole fact that a permanent criminal court has came to be a reality is a tremendous gain, provided that it is through its activity i.e. the production of clarifying jurisprudence, that this problems will be confronted and solved.

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          Most cited references30

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                ilrdi
                International Law
                Int. Law: Rev. Colomb. Derecho Int.
                Facultad de Ciencias Jurídica, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana (Bogotá )
                1692-8156
                January 2009
                : 0
                : 14
                : 15-42
                Affiliations
                [1 ] International Law
                Article
                S1692-81562009000100002
                2eb375a2-57ac-48ca-9015-4820981a7082

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                History
                Product

                SciELO Colombia

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=1692-8156&lng=en
                Categories
                LAW

                General law
                International Criminal Court,Criminal Responsibility,International Humanitarian Law,Distinction between Civilians and Combatants,Principle of Proportionality,Criminal liability,Combatants and noncombatants,Corte Penal Internacional,responsabilidad penal,Derecho Internacional Humanitario,distinción entre civiles y combatientes,Principio de Proporcionalidad,Responsabilidad penal,Derecho internacional humanitario,Combatientes y no combatientes (Derecho internacional)

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