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      Prodrug versus Drug Effects of 150 μg Desogestrel or 3-Keto-Desogestrel in Combination with 30 μg Ethinylestradiol on Hormonal Parameters: Relevance of the Peak Serum Level of 3-Keto-Desogestrel

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          Abstract

          The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of 150 μg desogestrel (DG) or 150 μg 3-keto-desogestrel (KDG) in combination with 30 μg ethinylestradiol (EE) were compared in a cross-over study. While the EE levels as well as the area under the curve (AUC) of KDG did not differ, significantly higher peak levels of KDG were observed after intake of the KDG-containing formulation. As compared to the control cycle, LH and FSH were not reduced on day 3 of the first treatment cycle (3/I), but markedly suppressed on day 21 of the third cycle (2 l/III), the effects being more pronounced with the DG-containing pill. The serum levels of testosterone, free testosterone, androstenedione, androstanediol glucuronide, and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) were significantly reduced already on day 3/I, while sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) was unchanged and corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) was increased. Thereafter, both SHBG and CBG rose markedly. The progressive decrease in DHEA-S correlated best with free testosterone and androstanediol glucuronide. The results indicate that the peak level of KDG is more important for the biological effectiveness than the AUC of KDG which appears to antagonize the suppressive action of EE on gonadotropin release. The rapid decrease in the androgen levels seems to be due to a direct inhibitory action of the pill on ovarian and adrenal steroid biosynthesis.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1995
          1995
          05 December 2008
          : 44
          : 3
          : 126-132
          Affiliations
          Division of Gynecological Endocrinology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, J.W. Goethe University, Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany
          Article
          184612 Horm Res 1995;44:126–132
          10.1159/000184612
          7590643
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Original Paper

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