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      Estimating and comparing time-dependent areas under receiver operating characteristic curves for censored event times with competing risks.

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          Abstract

          The area under the time-dependent ROC curve (AUC) may be used to quantify the ability of a marker to predict the onset of a clinical outcome in the future. For survival analysis with competing risks, two alternative definitions of the specificity may be proposed depending of the way to deal with subjects who undergo the competing events. In this work, we propose nonparametric inverse probability of censoring weighting estimators of the AUC corresponding to these two definitions, and we study their asymptotic properties. We derive confidence intervals and test statistics for the equality of the AUCs obtained with two markers measured on the same subjects. A simulation study is performed to investigate the finite sample behaviour of the test and the confidence intervals. The method is applied to the French cohort PAQUID to compare the abilities of two psychometric tests to predict dementia onset in the elderly accounting for death without dementia competing risk. The 'timeROC' R package is provided to make the methodology easily usable.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Stat Med
          Statistics in medicine
          Wiley
          1097-0258
          0277-6715
          Dec 30 2013
          : 32
          : 30
          Affiliations
          [1 ] University Bordeaux, ISPED, Centre INSERM U897-Epidémiologie-Biostatistique, F-33000 Bordeaux, France; INSERM, ISPED, Centre INSERM U897-Epidémiologie-Biostatistique, F-33000 Bordeaux, France.
          Article
          10.1002/sim.5958
          24027076
          352ffe92-b9af-4695-ae2d-8af89e93dfd2
          Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
          History

          AUC,competing risks,discrimination,inverse probability of censoring weighting,prognosis,survival analysis

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