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      Agmatine and Spermidine Reduce Collagen Accumulation in Kidneys of Diabetic db/db Mice

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          Abstract

          In the present study, we tested the hypothesis whether agmatine and spermidine, metabolites of arginine metabolism, share the pharmacological activities of argi- nine reducing collagen accumulation in the diabetic kidney. Eleven db/db mice were administered agmatine and 12 db/db mice spermidine (50 mg/kg body weight). Ten db/db mice received no treatment as negative controls and 10 db/db mice were treated with aminoguanidine (50 mg/kg body weight) as positive controls. Mean kidney OH-proline content reflecting kidney collagen content and mean CML concentration were significantly higher but acid solubility of collagen significantly lower in the untreated group than in the treated groups. Agmatine, although missing the α-amino group and the carboxyl group, and spermidine, although missing the guanidino group, thus still revealed the arginine activity. We hypothesize that the strongly nucleophilic structure of polyamines common to all active compounds is able to block reactive carbonyls.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1995
          1995
          17 December 2008
          : 69
          : 2
          : 155-158
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Pediatrics, University of Vienna and bInstitute of Animal Breeding
          Article
          188432 Nephron 1995;69:155–158
          10.1159/000188432
          7723898
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 4
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Spermidine, Diabetes, Collagen, Agmatine, Carboxymethyllysine, Arginine

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