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      Continuous vegetation record of the Greater Cape Floristic Region (South Africa) covering the past 300 000 years (IODP U1479)

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      Climate of the Past
      Copernicus GmbH

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          Abstract

          Abstract. The Greater Cape Floristic Region (GCFR) of South Africa is a biodiversity hotspot of global significance, and its archeological record has substantially contributed to the understanding of modern human origins. For both reasons, the climate and vegetation history of southwestern South Africa is of interest to numerous fields. Currently known paleoenvironmental records cover the Holocene, the last glacial–interglacial transition and parts of the last glaciation but do not encompass a full glacial–interglacial cycle. To obtain a continuous vegetation record of the last Pleistocene glacial–interglacial cycles, we studied pollen, spores and micro-charcoal of deep-sea sediments from IODP Site U1479 retrieved from SW of Cape Town. We compare our palynological results of the Pleistocene with previously published results of Pliocene material from the same site. We find that the vegetation of the GCFR, in particular fynbos and afrotemperate forest, responds to precessional forcing of climate. The micro-charcoal record confirms the importance of fires in the fynbos vegetation. Ericaceae-rich and Asteraceae-rich types of fynbos could extend on the western part of the Paleo-Agulhas Plain (PAP), which emerged during periods of low sea level of the Pleistocene.

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          Very high resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas

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            A Pliocene-Pleistocene stack of 57 globally distributed benthic δ18O records

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              A long-term numerical solution for the insolation quantities of the Earth

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                (View ORCID Profile)
                Journal
                Climate of the Past
                Clim. Past
                Copernicus GmbH
                1814-9332
                2022
                January 06 2022
                : 18
                : 1
                : 1-21
                Article
                10.5194/cp-18-1-2022
                3e35cbc5-d82b-411c-8c69-6b86c8e8d28b
                © 2022

                https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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