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      Nucleotides as Cotransmitters in Vascular Sympathetic Neuroeffector Transmission

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          Abstract

          Postganglionic sympathetic cotransmission by noradrenaline (NA) and adenosine 5’-triphosphate (ATP) was studied in isolated arteries from rabbits using as tools α-adrenoceptor antagonists and αβ-methylene-ATP which first activates and then desensitizes purine P<sub>2X</sub> receptors. In the pulmonary artery, NA was the only chemical signal responsible for neurogenic vasoconstriction. In sharp contrast, ATP was the only signal eliciting electric as well as mechanical postjunctional responses in small jejunal arteries. Mixed adrenergic and purinergic transmission was found in the largest ramus caecalis of the ileocolic artery. The purinergic component prevailed in short pulse trains and early in long trains, whereas the adrenergic component prevailed in the late phases of long (20 s) trains. Prejunctional α<sub>2</sub>-adrenergic autoinhibition markedly depressed purinergic as well as adrenergic transmission as soon as a latency of about 2 s was exceeded.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5380-3
          978-3-318-01726-7
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1991
          1991
          23 September 2008
          : 28
          : 1-3
          : 19-26
          Affiliations
          Pharmakologisches Institut, Universität Freiburg, Freiburg i.Br., FRG
          Article
          158839 Blood Vessels 1991;28:19–26
          10.1159/000158839
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Neuronal Control of Vascular Function

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