0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Peripheral Effects of Methionine-Enkephalin on Inflammatory Reactions and Behavior in the Rat

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Methionine-enkephalin (Met-Enk) induces notable alterations in immune and central nervous system functions. The present study was conducted in order to compare peripheral and central effects of Met-Enk on nonspecific immunity, open field behavior and pain perception in the rat. The results showed that 0.2 mg/kg of Met-Enk given intraperitoneally (i.p.) increased concanavalin A (Con-A)-induced paw edema and enhanced basal and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-stimulated H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> production of peritoneal macrophages. Met-Enk-induced immunopotentiation was antagonized by anti-Met-Enk antibodies (anti-Met-Enk-Ig) and quaternary naltrexone (qNtx). Met-Enk injected i.p. produced an increase of horizontal and vertical locomotor activity in the open field that was reversed by i.p. administration of anti-Met-Enk-Ig and qNtx. The dose of 0.2 mg/kg of Met-Enk applied i.p. did not affect the number of writhes in the test of analgesia. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of Met-Enk, given in a dose that was previously shown to be immunostimulatory, enhanced only basal H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> production of peritoneal macrophages, and anti-Met-Enk-Ig antagonized this effect. Besides, i.c.v. treatment with anti-Met-Enk-Ig increased and decreased H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> production of peritoneal macrophages under basal and stimulated conditions, respectively. Met-Enk and anti-Met-Enk-Ig injected i.c.v. did not influence activity in the open field and pain sensitivity. Thus, the i.c.v. dose of Met-Enk that was sufficient to modulate immune functions did not influence behavior. It may be concluded that Met-Enk modulated nonspecific immune responses and open field behavior by peripheral mechanisms.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 5

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Afferent and spinal mechanisms of joint pain.

            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            Met-enkephalin induced alterations of macrophage functions

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Augmenting effect of opioid peptides on murine macrophage activation.

              We investigated the effect of several opioid peptides on the activation of murine peritoneal exudate macrophages (M phi) in vitro. M phi were treated with interferon (IFN) as a priming agent and bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as a triggering agent in the presence or absence of opioid peptides. M phi activation was assessed by their tumoricidal activity. When treatment with IFN and LPS resulted in a high level activation of M phi, dynorphin-A exerted no further enhancing effect. When treatment induced only weak activation, however, dynorphin-A augmented the M phi activation. Leucine-enkephalin, methionine-enkephalin, and also beta-endorphin had augmenting effects. An opioid receptor antagonist, naloxone, reduced the effect of dynorphin-A and beta-endorphin. When M phi were treated sequentially with IFN and LPS, beta-endorphin operated in combination with LPS only. Moreover, beta-endorphin was effective for already activated M phi. These results indicate that opioid peptides act on M phi via classical opioid receptors, and that responsiveness to opioid peptides is induced in the triggering stage of M phi activation.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                NIM
                Neuroimmunomodulation
                10.1159/issn.1021-7401
                Neuroimmunomodulation
                S. Karger AG
                1021-7401
                1423-0216
                2000
                August 2000
                14 August 2000
                : 8
                : 2
                : 70-77
                Affiliations
                aImmunology Research Center ‘Branislav Janković’, and bInstitute of Chemistry, School of Medicine, Belgrade, Yugoslavia, cDepartment of Molecular Neuroendocrinology, Max Planck Institute for Experimental Medicine, Göttingen, Germany
                Article
                26455 Neuroimmunomodulation 2000;8:70–77
                10.1159/000026455
                10965231
                © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 1, References: 49, Pages: 8
                Categories
                Original Paper

                Comments

                Comment on this article