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      Chronic Captopril Treatment Reverses the Enhanced Vascular Concentrations of 3-Methylhistidine in the Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat


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          Morphometric studies conducted on the blood vessels of the spontaneously hypertensive rat have provided evidence that medial hypertrophy is a key characteristic of the vascular change which occurs in hypertension. In the present study, we determined whether 3-methylhistidine (3MH), a post-translationally modified amino acid which is found uniquely in the actin and myosin of muscle, could provide a biochemical marker of such change. Our results indicated that the concentrations of 3MH were selectively elevated in the blood vessels from the spontaneously hypertensive rat, when compared with concentrations in vascular tissues from the Wistar-Kyoto rat. The concentrations of 3MH in non-vascular tissues were similar in the two strains. Chronic captopril treatment prevented the development of hypertension in the spontaneously hypertensive rat and was associated with a reduction of the vascular concentrations of 3MH. We therefore conclude that blood vessel concentrations of 3MH are a useful biochemical index of the changes in vascular smooth muscle contractile protein which occur during the development of hypertension in the spontaneously hypertensive rat.

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          Author and article information

          J Vasc Res
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          23 September 2008
          : 28
          : 6
          : 413-419
          aDepartment of Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology, University of Adelaide, and bHypertension Research Unit, CSIRO Division of Human Nutrition, Adelaide, Australia
          158889 Blood Vessels 1991;28:413–419
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          : 15 May 1990
          : 04 March 1991
          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Research Paper

          General medicine,Neurology,Cardiovascular Medicine,Internal medicine,Nephrology
          Spontaneously hypertensive rat,3-Methylhistidine,Chronic captopril therapy


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