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      Colloquium. Quantum Fluctuation Relations: Foundations and Applications

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          Abstract

          Two fundamental ingredients play a decisive role in the foundation of fluctuation relations: the principle of microreversibility and the fact that thermal equilibrium is described by the Gibbs canonical ensemble. Building on these two pillars we guide the reader through a self-contained exposition of the theory and applications of quantum fluctuation relations. These are exact results that constitute the fulcrum of the recent development of nonequilibrium thermodynamics beyond the linear response regime. The material is organized in a way that emphasizes the historical connection between quantum fluctuation relations and (non)-linear response theory. We also attempt to clarify a number of fundamental issues which were not completely settled in the prior literature. The main focus is on (i) work fluctuation relations for transiently driven closed or open quantum systems, and (ii) on fluctuation relations for heat and matter exchange in quantum transport settings. Recently performed and proposed experimental applications are presented and discussed.

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          Most cited references 85

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              Über die von der molekularkinetischen Theorie der Wärme geforderte Bewegung von in ruhenden Flüssigkeiten suspendierten Teilchen

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                10 December 2010
                2011-07-26
                1012.2268 10.1103/RevModPhys.83.771

                http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

                Custom metadata
                Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 771-791 (2011) ; Erratum: Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 1653 (2011)
                25 pages. Published version + Addendum/Erratum
                cond-mat.stat-mech quant-ph

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