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      Sublingual Nitroglycerin Administered by Spray versus Tablet: Comparative Timing of Hemodynamic Effects

      ,

      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

      Cardiac catheterization, Left ventricular pressure, Organic nitrates, Nitroglycerin

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          Abstract

          The comparative timing of hemodynamic alterations by sublingual nitroglycerin administered by spray vs. tablet has not been studied. Similarly, the directly measured comparative effects on left ventricular pressures have not been reported. To investigate these issues, we analyzed 49 patients undergoing elective diagnostic cardiac catheterization who were randomized to receive 0.4 mg sublingual nitroglycerin by either spray or tablet. Before administration of contrast medium, control determinations of left ventricular end-diastolic and systolic pressures and heart rate were done. These parameters were then evaluated at half-minute intervals for 5 min. Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure was reduced similarly in both groups, with the reduction achieving significance at 1.5 min in the spray and 2.0 min in the tablet group. Lowering of the left ventricular systolic pressure was also similar in the two groups, reaching significance at 2.5 min with spray and 2.0 min with tablet. Heart rate increased significantly by 2.0 min in the tablet group but did not change in the spray group. These findings were not altered by the level of resting left ventricular end-diastolic pressure or use of chronic nitrates. Thus, we found nitroglycerin to be similarly effective in timing and extent of response whether administered by spray or tablet, though the difference in heart rate responses remains unexplained.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1990
          1990
          12 November 2008
          : 77
          : 4
          : 303-310
          Affiliations
          Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of California, Davis, Medical Center, Davis, Calif., USA
          Article
          174612 Cardiology 1990;77:303–310
          10.1159/000174612
          2127377
          © 1990 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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