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Las ciencias sociales y la salud: un diverso y mutante campo teórico Translated title: The social sciences and health: a diverse and changing theoretical field

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      Abstract

      El artículo estudia la formación del campo disciplinar de las ciencias sociales y la salud, desde sus pioneros en los inicios del siglo 19, plantea el momento relevante de formación del campo teórico a mediados del siglo 20 y formula los tres abordajes fundamentales; la explicación de lo médico por lo social y la explicación de la enfermedad por lo social, que tiene dos vertientes, la perspectiva individualista y a visión estructural y colectiva. Finaliza con una discusión sobre el tipo de vínculo que debe establecerse entre las ciencias sociales y la salud con el fin de crear un nuevo campo teórico denominado las ciencias sociales de la salud.

      Translated abstract

      The article examines the creation of the social science and health subdiscipline from the time of its pioneers in the early 19th Century, discusses the formation of the theoretical field in the mid-20th Century, and describes its three basic approaches: explanation of the medical dimension by the social one and explanation of disease by social conditions, with two variants - the individualist perspective and the structural-collective one. It concludes with a discussion of the type of linkage that should exist between the social sciences and health, as a basis for the creation of a new theoretical field called the social science of health.

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      Most cited references 141

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      O Desafio do conhecimento pesquisa cualitativa em saúde

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        Estigma la identidad deteriorada

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          O desafio do conhecimento: pesquisa qualitativa em saúde

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            Author and article information

            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Journal
            csc
            Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
            Ciênc. saúde coletiva
            ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva (Rio de Janeiro )
            1413-8123
            2003
            : 8
            : 1
            : 33-45
            S1413-81232003000100004

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Product
            Product Information: SciELO Brazil
            Categories
            Health Policy & Services

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