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      The posttraumatic growth inventory: Measuring the positive legacy of trauma

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      Journal of Traumatic Stress
      Wiley

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          Abstract

          The development of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, an instrument for assessing positive outcomes reported by persons who have experienced traumatic events, is described. This 21-item scale includes factors of New Possibilities, Relating to Others, Personal Strength, Spiritual Change, and Appreciation of Life. Women tend to report more benefits than do men, and persons who have experienced traumatic events report more positive change than do persons who have not experienced extraordinary events. The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory is modestly related to optimism and extraversion. The scale appears to have utility in determining how successful individuals, coping with the aftermath of trauma, are in reconstructing or strengthening their perceptions of self, others, and the meaning of events.

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          Most cited references39

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          Optimism, coping, and health: Assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies.

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            Psychosocial resilience and protective mechanisms.

            The concept of mechanisms that protect people against the psychological risks associated with adversity is discussed in relation to four main processes: reduction of risk impact, reduction of negative chain reactions, establishment and maintenance of self-esteem and self-efficacy, and opening up of opportunities. The mechanisms operating at key turning points in people's lives must be given special attention.
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              The totalitarian ego: Fabrication and revision of personal history.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Traumatic Stress
                J. Traum. Stress
                Wiley
                08949867
                15736598
                1996
                1996
                : 9
                : 3
                : 455-471
                Article
                10.1002/jts.2490090305
                8827649
                54b3e1e8-f5f8-4095-b334-9db914b7d75e
                © 1996

                http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

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