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      Fatal Sepsis from Vibrio vulnificus in a Hemodialyzed Patient

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          Vibrio vulnificus, a particularly virulent halophilic vibrio, has been isolated from the blood and skin necrotic lesion of a hemodialyzed patient with sepsis. The patient has had exposure of the skin to seawater. Various chronic conditions including renal failure have a great risk for developing septicemia due to V. vulnificus. It is necessary to inform persons with liver diseases or immunocompromising conditions of hazards associated with the consumption of undercooked seafood and seawater exposure.

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          Vibrio vulnificus. Man and the sea.

          To identify risk factors for Vibrio vulnificus infections, we performed a regional case-control study of 19 patients identified by isolates received at a state reference laboratory. Interviews with patients or surviving relatives and with three controls for each patient were compared in a matched analysis. Patients with V vulnificus wound infection were more likely than controls to have sustained a puncture wound while handling fresh seafood or to have been exposed to salt water. More patients with primary septicemia than controls had eaten raw oysters before the onset of illness. Other risk factors for septicemia included underlying liver disease, hematopoietic disorders, chronic renal insufficiency, use of immunosuppressive agents, and heavy alcohol consumption. Although V vulnificus infection is unusual, with a regional incidence of 0.8 per 100,000 population in this study, septicemia in the immunosuppressed patient is a devastating illness that can be prevented by not eating raw seafood.

            Author and article information

            S. Karger AG
            February 1998
            26 January 1998
            : 78
            : 2
            : 221-224
            a Divisione di Nefrologia, b Laboratorio Analisi Chimico Cliniche e Microbiologia e c Clinica Dermatologica, Arcispedale S. Anna, Ferrara, Italia
            44916 Nephron 1998;78:221–224
            © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

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            References: 28, Pages: 4
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            Case Report

            Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

            Hemodialysis, <italic>Vibrio vulnificus</italic>, Septicemia


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