9
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
2 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Missing for almost 100 years: the rare and potentially threatened bee, Pharohylaeus lactiferus (Hymenoptera, Colletidae)

      Journal of Hymenoptera Research

      Pensoft Publishers

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          The Australian endemic bee, Pharohylaeus lactiferus (Colletidae: Hylaeinae) is a rare species that requires conservation assessment. Prior to this study, the last published record of this bee species was from 1923 in Queensland, and nothing was known of its biology. Hence, I aimed to locate extant populations, provide biological information and undertake exploratory analyses relevant to its assessment. Pharohylaeus lactiferus was recently rediscovered as a result of extensive sampling of 225 general and 20 targeted sampling sites across New South Wales and Queensland. Collections indicate possible floral and habitat specialisation with specimens only found near Tropical or Sub-Tropical Rainforest and only visiting Stenocarpus sinuatus (Proteaceae) and Brachychiton acerifolius (Malvaceae), to the exclusion of other available floral resources. Three populations were found by sampling bees visiting these plant species along much of the Australian east coast, suggesting population isolation. GIS analyses used to explore habitat destruction in the Wet Tropics and Central Mackay Coast bioregions indicate susceptibility of Queensland rainforests and P. lactiferus populations to bushfires, particularly in the context of a fragmented landscape. Highly fragmented habitat and potential host specialisation might explain the rarity of P. lactiferus. Targeted sampling and demographic analyses are likely required to thoroughly assess the status of this species and others like it.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 2

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Discovery of the bee genus Pharohylaeus Michener from Papua New Guinea, with description of a new species (Hymenoptera, Colletidae).

           Hirashima (1986)
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            Distribution of the native South Australian bee Exoneurella tridentata in Western Myall (Acacia papyrocarpa) woodlands.

             Dew (2013)
              Bookmark

              Author and article information

              Contributors
              (View ORCID Profile)
              Journal
              Journal of Hymenoptera Research
              JHR
              Pensoft Publishers
              1314-2607
              1070-9428
              February 25 2021
              February 25 2021
              : 81
              : 165-180
              Article
              10.3897/jhr.81.59365
              © 2021

              Comments

              Comment on this article