19
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Three-Dimensional Collagen Organization of Human Brain Arteries at Different Transmural Pressures

      research-article

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Measurements on the directional organization of collagen are necessary for relating the structure and mechanical function of blood vessels. The birefringent optical property of collagen has enabled us to assess the collagen architecture for brain arteries, which are prone to spasm and aneurysm formation. Using the universal stage and polarizing microscope, we measured the three-dimensional organization of the collagen of the main layers of the artery wall, and examined the effect of distending pressure on that organization. Adult arteries obtained from autopsy were fixed at one of three distending pressures, 30, 120 and 200 mm Hg; they were embedded in paraffin and sectioned parallel to the vessel axis at 4 µm thickness. Sections were stained with picrosirius red, a birefringent enhancement stain specific for collagen. Orientation data were obtained from tangential sections from thirteen arteries. We chose to use tangential sections that graze the curving surface of individual layers, to permit measurements that are equally sensitive to fibres in the mechanically meaningful range of directions including longitudinal, helical and circumferential. Each measurement was from a single fibre or group of fibres at a specific location; the mean direction and its variation of alignment within each artery layer were calculated. In some arteries, the adventitia and subendothelium measurements were separated into sublayers, distinguishable by the birefringent optical appearance. Main findings included a substantial component of longitudinal fibres in the adventitia and subendothelium, highly varied in coherence and mean direction, and a thin collagen layer of the adventitia, radially outside the medial muscle cells, that was highly organized circumferentially (circular standard deviation of 9°). At higher pressures, the collagen fabric of all the layers was increasingly coherent and more circumferential in direction.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1995
          1995
          24 September 2008
          : 32
          : 5
          : 301-312
          Affiliations
          Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Western Ontario, and John P. Robarts Research Institute, London, Ont., Canada
          Article
          159104 J Vasc Res 1995;32:301–312
          10.1159/000159104
          7578798
          5d7d30ef-5072-47f3-a9d0-931892b1a878
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          History
          : 07 October 1994
          : 19 April 1995
          Page count
          Pages: 12
          Categories
          Original Paper

          General medicine,Neurology,Cardiovascular Medicine,Internal medicine,Nephrology
          Polarized light microscopy,Brain arteries,Atherosclerosis,Collagen,Stereology

          Comments

          Comment on this article