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      Cell Proliferation/Cell Death Balance in Renal Cell Cultures after Exposure to a Static Magnetic Field

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          Abstract

          The effect of a static magnetic field (MF) of 0.5 mT of intensity on the cell proliferation/cell death balance was investigated in renal cells (VERO) and cortical astrocyte cultures from rats. Magnetic stimulation was delivered by magnetic disks at known intensities. The percentage of apoptotic and necrotic cells was evaluated using flow cytometry and morphological analysis following Hoechst chromatin staining. An index of cell proliferation was determined using sulfonated tetrazolium (WST-1). Control cultures were prepared without exposure to MFs. After 2, 4 and 6 days of exposure to a MF, we observed a gradual decrease in apoptosis and proliferation and a gradual increase in cells with a necrotic morphology with respect to the control group. In astrocyte cultures, over a 6-day exposure period. A gradual increase was observed in apoptotic, proliferating, and necrotic cells. Our findings suggest that the effect of exposure to MFs varies, depending on the cell type; MFs may also have a nephropathogenic effect.

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          Most cited references 5

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          Glial reaction in aging and Alzheimer's disease.

          It is well-established that glial cells play an important role during injury and neurodegenerative processes in the central nervous system. In normal aging, no global glia proliferation is found morphologically, but reactive gliosis has been described in specific areas of the limbic system and neocortex that undergo selective neuronal or synaptic degeneration in nondemented elderly persons. In addition, there is an age-associated increase in the metabolic turnover of cellular proteins, such as glial fibrillary acidic protein, in human brain tissue, even without detectable signs of neurodegeneration. In contrast to the relatively moderate overall glial changes in normal aging, the close association of activated astrocytes and microglial cells with neuritic plaques and cells undergoing neurofibrillary degeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD), the expression of receptors for complement by glial cells, and the release of soluble cytokines strongly suggest that inflammatory processes may play an important part in the complex pathophysiological interactions that occur in AD. Understanding the role of glia in age-associated neurodegenerative disorders may provide new insights into the neurobiology of glia-neuronal interaction and may allow the development of strategies to alter the disease process. This review aims to summarize some of the important aspects of glial cells in aging and dementia.
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            Bcl-xl-specific antibody labels activated microglia associated with Alzheimer's disease and other pathological states.

            This report describes the production of a monoclonal antibody raised against Bcl-xl, and includes an initial study of bcl-xl expression in neuropathology including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Bcl-xl is a potent apoptotic inhibitor and is known to be the predominant Bcl-x isoform in brain. To examine the expression of bcl-xl in aged brain and neurodegenerative disease, we raised a Bcl-xl-specific monoclonal antibody. In aged human brain, the highest bcl-xl expression was observed in cerebellum. By immunohistochemistry, significant bcl-xl expression was detected in reactive microglia of patients with AD and other neurological diseases such as progressive supranuclear palsy. Bcl-xl-positive microglia frequently colocalized with beta-amyloid plaques in AD and with activated astrocytes in non-AD and AD brains, suggesting a general role for Bcl-xl in regions of pathology. High levels of Bcl-xl protein might render microglia more resistant to cytotoxic environments such as areas of neurodegeneration and astrogliosis.
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              Experimental evidence for 60 Hz magnetic fields operating through the signal transduction cascade

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEF
                Nephron
                10.1159/issn.1660-8151
                Nephron
                S. Karger AG
                1660-8151
                2235-3186
                2001
                2001
                16 March 2001
                : 87
                : 3
                : 269-273
                Affiliations
                aDipartimento di Medicina Interna, Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia, bIstituto di Fisiologia Generale, Facoltà di MM.FF.NN., cDipartimento di Pediatria Medica, Preventiva e Sociale, Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia, e dDipartimento di Statistica, Università degli Studi di Messina, eDipartimento di Fisica della Materia e Tecnologie Fisiche Avanzate, Università di Messina, fCentro Siciliano per le Ricerche Atmosferiche e di Fisica dell’Ambiente, Università di Messina, Italia
                Article
                45925 Nephron 2001;87:269–273
                10.1159/000045925
                11287763
                © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, References: 23, Pages: 5
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45925
                Categories
                Original Paper

                Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

                Apoptosis, Cell Proliferation, Magnetic field, Vero cells

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