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      School bullying and its influencing factors in higher vocational college students in western Hunan province


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          Objective To understand current situation and influencing factors of school bullying among left-behind and non left-behind students in vocational colleges in western Hunan, and to provide reference for the prevention and control of campus bullying in vocational colleges in poverty-stricken areas.

          Methods A multi-stage stratified random cluster sampling method was used to select 1 241 students from higher vocational colleges in Xiangxi for questionnaire survey. The survey included basic demographic characteristics, health-related behaviors and school bullying. Associcted factors were compared among students with and without school bullying by using the χ 2 test and Logistic regression.

          Results The reported rate of school bullying in vocational colleges was 41.82%. The reported rate of left-behind students (45.05%) was higher than that of non-left-behind students (39.21%). The difference was statistically significant ( χ 2 = 4.29, P<0.05). Multivariate unconditional Logistic regression showed that male students and good parental relationship negatively associated with school bullying among left-behind students ( OR = 0.55, 0.47). While rural students, 5 years of senior vocational, smoking, drinking, and game addiction were positively associated with school bullying among left-behind students ( OR = 1.93, 2.57, 2.51, 3.95, 4.73) ; good relationship with mothers was associated with less school bullying ( OR = 0.40), while smoke, drinking and game addiction was associated with more school bullying among non left-behind students ( OR = 1.86, 2.32, 3.81) ( P<0.05).

          Conclusion School bullying among students in higher vocational colleges in western Hunan is highly prevalent. The reporting rate among left-behind students is higher than that of non-left-behind students. Due to different factors, joint intervention measures by government, schools and families should be carried out as soon as possible.


          【摘要】目的 了解湘西地区髙职院校留守与非留守学生遭受校园欺凌现状及影响因素, 为贫困地区髙职院校开展 校园欺凌防控提供参考。 方法 采用多阶段分层随机整群抽样方法, 抽取湘西地区 1 241 名髙职院校学生进行问卷调査, 调査内容包括学生人口学基本特征、健康相关行为及遭受校园欺凌情况。学生遭受校园欺凌报告率各组之间的比较采用 ; χ 2检验, 使用 Logistic 回归分析学生遭受校园欺凌的影响因素。 结果 髙职院校学生遭受校园欺凌的报告率为 41.82 %, 其 中留守学生的报告率 (45.05%) 髙于非留守学生 (39.21%), 差异有统计学意义 ( χ 2=4.29, P<0.05)。 多因素非条件 Logistic 回归分析显示, 男生、父母关系好与留守学生遭受校园欺凌呈负相关 ( OR 值分别为0.55, 0.47), 生源地为农村、5年髙职、吸烟、饮酒、游戏成瘾与留守学生遭受校园欺凌呈正相关 ( OR 值分别为 1.93, 2.57, 2.51, 3.95, 4.73);与母亲关系好与非留 守学生遭受校园欺凌呈负相关 ( OR = 0.40), 吸烟、饮酒、游戏成瘾与非留守学生遭受校园欺凌呈正相关 ( OR 值分别为1.86, 2.32, 3.81) ( P值均<0.05)。 结论 湘西地区髙职院校学生遭受校园欺凌情况不容乐观, 留守学生的报告率髙于非留守学 生, 且受不同因素影响。应尽快开展政府、学校、家庭三方共同干预措施。

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          Author and article information

          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          01 March 2020
          01 March 2020
          : 41
          : 3
          : 371-374
          [1] 1Department of Physical Education, Basic Courses, Xiangxi National Vocational and Technical College, Xiangxi (416000), Hunan Province, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: ZHANG Tiancheng, E-mail: jdzhangtiancheng@ 123456163.com
          © 2020 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Students,Regression analysis,Mental health,Violence


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