5
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Paradoxes of Professionalism: Rethinking Civil-Military Relations in the United States

      International Security

      MIT Press - Journals

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          The U.S. military's prevailing norms of professionalism exhibit three paradoxes that render the organization poorly suited to meet contemporary challenges to its nonpartisan ethic, and that undermine its relations with civilian leaders. These norms, based on Samuel Huntington's objective civilian control model, argue that the military should operate in a sphere separate from the civilian domain of policymaking and decisions about the use of force. The first paradox is that Huntingtonian norms, though intended to prevent partisan and political behavior by military personnel, can also enable these activities. Second, the norms promote civilian leaders’ authority in decisionmaking related to the use of force, yet undermine their practical control and oversight of military activity. Third, they contribute to the military's operational and tactical effectiveness, while corroding the United States’ strategic effectiveness in armed conflict. These tensions in Huntington's norms matter today because of intensifying partisanship in society and in the military, the embrace by civilian leaders of objective control and their concomitant delegation of authority in armed conflict to the military, and growing questions about the causes of the inconclusive outcomes of the United States’ recent wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. It is time to develop a new framework for military professionalism.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 20

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          The Civil-Military Problematique: Huntington, Janowitz, and the Question of Civilian Control

            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            The Right to Be Right: Civil-Military Relations and the Iraq Surge Decision

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              Elite Military Cues and Public Opinion About the Use of Military Force

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                International Security
                International Security
                MIT Press - Journals
                0162-2889
                1531-4804
                April 2020
                April 2020
                : 44
                : 4
                : 7-44
                Article
                10.1162/isec_a_00374
                © 2020

                Comments

                Comment on this article